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Talking Today in History, August 5th

August 5, 1962

On August 5, 1962, movie actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead in her home in Los
Angeles. She was discovered lying nude on her bed, face down, with a telephone
in one hand. Empty bottles of pills, prescribed to treat her depression, were
littered around the room. After a brief investigation, Los Angeles police
concluded that her death was "caused by a self-administered overdose of sedative
drugs and that the mode of death is probable suicide."Marilyn Monroe was born
Norma Jean Mortenson in Los Angeles on June 1, 1926. Her mother was emotionally
unstable and frequently confined to an asylum, so Norma Jean was reared by a
succession of foster parents and in an orphanage. At the age of 16, she married
a fellow worker in an aircraft factory, but they divorced a few years later. She
took up modeling in 1944 and in 1946 signed a short-term contract with 20th
Century Fox, taking as her screen name Marilyn Monroe. She had a few bit parts
and then returned to modeling, famously posing nude for a calendar in 1949.She
began to attract attention as an actress in 1950 after appearing in minor roles
in the The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve. Although she was onscreen only
briefly playing a mistress in both films, audiences took note of the blonde
bombshell, and she won a new contract from Fox. Her acting career took off in
the early 1950s with performances in Love Nest (1951), Monkey Business (1952),
and Niagara (1953). Celebrated for her voluptuousness and wide-eyed charm, she
won international fame for her sex-symbol roles in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
(1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), and There's No Business Like Show
Business (1954). The Seven-Year Itch (1955) showcased her comedic talents and
features the classic scene where she stands over a subway grating and has her
white skirt billowed up by the wind from a passing train. In 1954, she married
baseball great Joe DiMaggio, attracting further publicity, but they divorced
eight months later.In 1955, she studied with Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio
in New York City and subsequently gave a strong performance as a hapless
entertainer in Bus Stop (1956). In 1956, she married playwright Arthur Miller.
She made The Prince and the Showgirl--a critical and commercial failure--with
Laurence Olivier in 1957 but in 1959 gave an acclaimed performance in the hit
comedy Some Like It Hot. Her last role, in The Misfits (1961), was directed by
John Huston and written by Miller, whom she divorced just one week before the
film's opening.By 1961, Monroe, beset by depression, was under the constant care
of a psychiatrist. Increasingly erratic in the last months of her life, she
lived as a virtual recluse in her Brentwood, Los Angeles, home. After midnight
on August 5, 1962, her maid, Eunice Murray, noticed Monroe's bedroom light on.
When Murray found the door locked and Marilyn unresponsive to her calls, she
called Monroe's psychiatrist, Dr. Ralph Greenson, who gained access to the room
by breaking a window. Entering, he found Marilyn dead, and the police were
called sometime after. An autopsy found a fatal amount of sedatives in her
system, and her death was ruled probable suicide.In recent decades, there have
been a number of conspiracy theories about her death, most of which contend that
she was murdered by John and/or Robert Kennedy, with whom she allegedly had love
affairs. These theories claim that the Kennedys killed her (or had her killed)
because they feared she would make public their love affairs and other
government secrets she was gathering. On August 4, 1962, Robert Kennedy, then
attorney general in his older brother's cabinet, was in fact in Los Angeles. Two
decades after the fact, Monroe's housekeeper, Eunice Murray, announced for the
first time that the attorney general had visited Marilyn on the night of her
death and quarreled with her, but the reliability of these and other statements
made by Murray are questionable. Four decades after her death, Marilyn Monroe
remains a major cultural icon. The unknown details of her final performance only
add to her mystique.
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