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Most Common Baby Rashes

Katlyn Joy |29, April 2011


Babies get bumps, blisters and rashes but they don't have to be a mystery to solve. Most are pretty common and easy to diagnose when you know what to look for.

These are tiny white bumps usually present on the chin, cheeks or nose and often present at birth. These most often go away untreated after a few weeks time. Milia is caused by blocked oil glands. Simply wash baby's face wild mild soap and water every day. Do not use lotions or oils and avoid pinching or scrubbing sensitive newborn skin.

Baby acne
These red, white or pink bumps are indeed pimples and caused by exposure to mom's hormones in utero. This is a common newborn malady that will disappear on its own after a month or possibly a few. Simply washing with mild soap and water is all baby's skin needs. If it doesn't go away within a few months consult with your pediatrician.

Heat rash
This rash is made up of small bumps which may cover a large area and will appear clear, pink or red. This condition is common in hot, humid weather particularly if baby was dressed too warmly. To more quickly clear up the condition, help baby feel cooler and avoid overdressing baby by using lightweight layers of clothing in warmer temperatures.

Baby eczema
This red itchy rash causes dry, scaly areas on baby's skin. Frequent areas affected include cheeks, legs, arms and the creases of the body. Irritants such as bubble baths, fragranced products or rough clothing. Avoid irritants, bathe baby less frequently and use fragrance-free moisturizers on baby's skin. Also avoid temperature extremes.

Thrush or yeast infection
This yeast infection can cause a bright red thick rash on an infant's bottom or white bumps in the mouth. Mouth yeast infections are called thrush. Yeast infections are common following antibiotic treatment and thrive in warm moist environments. Thrush is more common with breastfeeding babies and will require treatment of the nursing mother as well. A prescription antifungal medication will be required for yeast infections.

Cradle cap
This condition is seen in newborns and is characterized as a thick scaly or greasy patches on baby's scalp. It may appear yellow or whitish. You can loosen the scales before shampooing with a soft bristled brush, or by applying some petroleum jelly or mineral oil prior to brushing. It will usually go away within a few months. If it persists longer, talk to a physician.

Diaper rash
Generally this appears as a bright red rash and is due to exposure to wet or dirty diapers. To treat and prevent diaper rash, change baby's diaper more frequently and apply zinc oxide or petroleum jelly. Also letting baby's bottom air out will be helpful in clearing up diaper rash.

This contagious skin rash may affect the diaper area, face, neck or hands and looks like blisters or sores. It is caused by bacteria such as strep or staph and is highly contagious and can be prevented through good hygiene. It often flares up after another sore has been repeatedly scratched and has become infected. It will require treatment with an antibiotic cream or possibly an oral medication.

Fifth disease
This rash typically appears first on the face then a day or so later on the trunk of the body. It is a raised rash and bright red. Fifth disease will also cause a mild fever and flu-like symptoms. The rash my take a few weeks to resolve and will fade from the center outwards creating a lace type look. Treatment is to relieve symptoms. Usually older children such as those 5 to 7 years of age get the illness.

Stork bites
These are red salmon patches usually at the back of the neck or between the eyes, also called angel kisses. They are actually just blood vessels that are visible after birth which typically fade.

Peeling skin
Babies can have dry and peeling skin as newborns especially if they were a bit overdue. It is not a worrisome condition and will resolve on its own quickly.

Erythema toxicum
This newborn rash looks like mosquito bites or mild hives but is harmless and goes away without treatment.

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